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Low levels of vitamin D linked to long COVID

Also known as post COVID-19 syndrome, long COVID is a new condition in which the effects of COVID-19 last for more than 12 weeks after contracting the initial infection. Studies have shown that it affects 50-70% of patients previously hospitalised for COVID-19, yet very little is known about the condition. One risk factor for worse outcomes for hospitalised COVID-19 patients, such as intubation and mechanical ventilation or death, is low vitamin D levels, but its role in long COVID has not been adequately investigated.

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Long COVID risk has been found to increase with low levels of vitamin D, according to research presented at the 25th European Congress of Endocrinology in Istanbul. The findings suggest that individuals should have their vitamin D levels checked after COVID-19.

Also known as post COVID-19 syndrome, long COVID is a new condition in which the effects of COVID-19 last for more than 12 weeks after contracting the initial infection. Studies have shown that it affects 50-70% of patients previously hospitalised for COVID-19, yet very little is known about the condition. One risk factor for worse outcomes for hospitalised COVID-19 patients, such as intubation and mechanical ventilation or death, is low vitamin D levels, but its role in long COVID has not been adequately investigated.

For this study, supported by Abiogen Pharma SpA, researchers from the Vita-Salute San Raffaele University and IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital in Milan examined 100 patients aged 51-70 years, with and without long COVID. They measured their vitamin D levels when first admitted to hospital for COVID-19 and six months after being discharged, and found lower vitamin D levels in patients with long COVID compared to those without. This result was more evident in patients who experienced ‘brain fog’ symptoms, such as confusion, forgetfulness and poor concentration, at the six-month follow-up.

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The researchers included patients without any bone conditions and only those who went to hospital for COVID-19, without ending up in the intensive care units (ICUs). They matched the two groups, with and without long COVID, in terms of age, sex, pre-existing chronic diseases and COVID-19 severity. “Previous studies on the role of vitamin D in long COVID were not conclusive mainly due to many confounding factors,” said lead investigator Professor Andrea Giustina. “The highly-controlled nature of our study helps us better understand the role of vitamin D deficiency in long COVID, and establish that there is likely a link between vitamin D deficiency and long COVID.”

While Professor Giustina acknowledges that larger studies are needed to confirm this link, he and his team are now focussed on finding out whether vitamin D supplements can reduce the risk of long COVID. “Our study shows that COVID-19 patients with low vitamin D levels are more likely to develop long COVID but it is not yet known whether vitamin D supplements could improve the symptoms or reduce this risk altogether.”

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Italian diver Enzo Maiorca saves pregnant Dolphin after the (soon to be father) Dolphin alerted Enzo that his female partner was stuck in a net.

Italian diver Enzo Maiorca saves pregnant Dolphin after the (soon to be father) Dolphin alerted Enzo that his female partner was stuck in a net.

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Italian diver Enzo Maiorca while diving into Siracusa sea felt something patting him on the back. He turned around and saw a dolphin, which he understood did not want to play but express something. The dolphin dived and Enzo followed. At a depth of twelve metres trapped in a net there was another dolphin. After managing with his wife to release it, as the two dolphins emerged they emitted an almost human cry (this is how Maiorca described it). Dolphins can be held under water for up to ten minutes then drown. The trapped dolphin was a female who soon gave birth. The male circled them and, standing in front of Enzo, touched his cheek (like a kiss), a gesture of gratitude. Enzo finished his speech by saying: “Until man learns to respect and communicate with the animal world, he will never be able to know his true role on this Earth.”

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Lunchables contain toxic lead and sodium levels

Lunchables contain toxic lead and sodium levels

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Consumer Reports says urgent USDA action is needed as tests reveal Lunchables’ toxic lead and sodium levels threaten the health of 30 million students in the National School Lunch Program.

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Controversy Surrounds Morgan County Judge’s Order to Euthanize Non-Violent Dog

Controversy Surrounds Morgan County Judge’s Order to Euthanize Non-Violent Dog

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In a decision that has sparked outrage and debate within the community, Morgan County Judge Stephen Grantham has ordered the euthanization of a non-violent dog, identified in case number 24MG-00024. This ruling has prompted a wave of criticism and concern from local residents and animal rights advocates.

The incident in question occurred when the dog, while sleeping on a couch, was approached by a child who laid on top of the animal. The dog, startled, rolled over and scratched the child with his back paw. Despite the fact that there was no evidence of a bite and witnesses testified that the dog was not aggressive, Judge Grantham decided to order the dog’s euthanization.

Residents of Morgan County have expressed their dismay and frustration over the judge’s decision, citing the lack of evidence of any malicious intent or aggression on the part of the dog. Many have taken to social media to voice their concerns, with some calling for a review of the case and others urging the community to rally in defense of the dog.

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Animal rights advocates argue that the judge’s decision is a harsh and unnecessary punishment for a non-violent incident, especially considering the circumstances of the case. They have pointed out that the dog’s reaction was a natural response to being startled and that there was no evidence of any previous aggressive behavior.

In response to the controversy, residents are encouraged to contact the Morgan County Courthouse to voice their concerns and support for the dog. The case has garnered widespread attention on social media, with many sharing the dog’s story and urging others to join the effort to save its life.

As the controversy continues to unfold, the fate of the dog remains uncertain. However, the outpouring of support from the community and the broader public highlights the strong feelings surrounding the case and the importance of animal welfare in society.

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Since the publication of this story, new information has surfaced on Casenet, revealing court documents that suggest the dog bite the suspect involved. However, this contradicts the evidence gathered during our interview.

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