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The Moon, China’s new Playground

The Moon, China’s new Playground

The Moon is thought to have formed about 4.5 billion years ago, shortly after the formation of the solar system. The prevailing theory is that a Mars-sized body collided with the Earth, and the debris from the impact eventually coalesced to form the Moon.

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The Moon is thought to have formed about 4.5 billion years ago, shortly after the formation of the solar system. The prevailing theory is that a Mars-sized body collided with the Earth, and the debris from the impact eventually coalesced to form the Moon.

The Moon’s surface is divided into two main types of terrain: the heavily cratered and mountainous highlands, and the relatively flat and smooth “maria.” The highlands are composed mainly of a rock called anorthosite, while the maria are made mostly of basalt.

One of the most striking features on the Moon’s surface is the existence of large, circular basins called impact craters. These were formed by the collision of large asteroids and comets with the Moon’s surface. The largest known impact crater on the Moon is the South Pole-Aitken Basin, which is about 2,500 km (1,500 miles) across and 13 km (8 miles) deep.

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The South Pole-Aitken (SPA) Basin is the largest known impact crater on the Moon, and one of the largest known impact craters in the Solar System. It is located on the far side of the Moon and is not visible from Earth. The basin has a diameter of about 2,500 kilometers (1,500 miles) and a depth of about 13 kilometers (8 miles). The basin is roughly circular in shape, and its center is located near the lunar South Pole.

The SPA Basin is thought to have been formed by the impact of a massive object, possibly a comet or asteroid, with the Moon’s surface. The impact would have been incredibly powerful, releasing energy equivalent to several billion atomic bombs. The force of the impact created the large basin and also caused the Moon’s crust to be partially melted and vaporized.

The SPA Basin is of great scientific interest because it is one of the oldest known features on the Moon, and it is also one of the largest known impact craters in the Solar System. The basin is so large that it has the ability to provide a window into the Moon’s early history and geology, including information about the Moon’s crust, mantle, and core.

The SPA Basin is also important for future human exploration of the Moon. The basin’s location near the lunar South Pole makes it a potential location for a human base, as the region may have frozen water in the form of ice in some areas of the crater floor. The basin’s large size and depth could also provide shielding from the harmful radiation of space, making it a potential location for a lunar outpost.

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Several lunar missions have been proposed to study the SPA Basin in more detail, including NASA’s proposed Artemis program which aims to land humans on the Moon in 2024 and establish a sustainable presence there.

China’s Chang’e missions are a series of robotic lunar exploration missions conducted by the China National Space Administration (CNSA). The program is named after the Chinese moon goddess Chang’e.

The first mission in the series, Chang’e 1, was launched in 2007 and was a lunar orbiter that conducted high-resolution mapping of the Moon’s surface. It was followed by the Chang’e 2 mission, which was also an orbiter that conducted further mapping and also tested new technologies for future missions.

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The next mission in the series, Chang’e 3, was launched in 2013 and was the first Chinese spacecraft to land on the Moon. The mission included a lander and a rover called Yutu (or “Jade Rabbit”), which conducted a variety of scientific experiments and also explored the lunar surface.

The fourth mission, Chang’e 4, was launched in 2018 and made a historic landing on the far side of the Moon, making China the first country to land a spacecraft on this side of the Moon. The mission included a lander and a rover, which conducted a variety of scientific experiments, including studying the lunar geology, environment, and geophysics.

The Chang’e 5 mission was launched in December 2020, it was a sample return mission, the spacecraft landed on the near side of the Moon, collected samples and returned back to Earth on December 16, 2020, becoming the first time in over 40 years that samples have been brought back from the Moon.

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The Chang’e program continues with the Chang’e 6 mission, which is expected to be a sample return mission to the lunar South Pole and Chang’e 7,8 and 9 are also planned to be launched in the coming years. The goal of the program is to increase China’s understanding of the Moon and to pave the way for future manned lunar missions.

The Moon’s surface has been explored by a number of spacecraft, both manned and unmanned. The first manned landing on the Moon was in 1969, when the American spacecraft Apollo 11 landed astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin on the surface. Since then, there have been six manned landings on the Moon, with the last one taking place in 1972.

The Moon is also studied by robotic spacecraft, such as NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) and China’s Chang’e missions. These spacecraft have greatly expanded our knowledge of the Moon’s surface, geology, and history.

In recent years, there have been renewed interest in exploring the Moon and potentially establishing a human presence there. This is driven by the desire to use the Moon as a stepping stone for further exploration of the Solar System, as well as the potential to use lunar resources, such as water and minerals, to support human missions.

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Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Award Northrop Grumman funding to develop a concept for a lunar railroad

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Award Northrop Grumman funding to develop a concept for a lunar railroad

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Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) was awarded a contract by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to develop a concept for a lunar railroad. This initiative is part of the broader 10-year Lunar Architecture (LunA-10) Capability Study aimed at establishing an infrastructure on the moon that supports a thriving commercial economy. The envisioned lunar railroad network is designed to transport humans, supplies, and resources across the lunar surface, contributing to this goal.

The project will focus on defining the necessary interfaces and resources required to build a lunar rail network. It also involves exploring concepts for constructing and operating the system using robotics, which includes tasks such as grading and foundation preparation, track placement and alignment, joining and finishing, inspection, maintenance, and repair. The development of the lunar railroad concept is seen as a crucial step in opening the moon to sustained economic development, much like railroads did in the American West during the late 19th century.

Northrop Grumman’s study will:

  • Define the interfaces and resources required to build a lunar rail network.
  • Establish a critical list of foreseeable cost, technological and logistical risks. 
  • Identify prototypes, demonstrations and analyses of a fully operating lunar rail system’s concept design and architecture.
  • Explore concepts for constructing and operating the system with robotics, including grading and foundation preparation, track placement and alignment, joining and finishing, inspection, maintenance and repair.

This innovative project has sparked a range of reactions on social media and among the general public. While some are excited about the potential for expanding human presence and economic activity on the moon, others have raised concerns about the allocation of resources and funding priorities. Critics argue that the investment in lunar infrastructure should not overshadow pressing issues and needs on Earth, such as healthcare and economic inequality.

As Northrop Grumman continues to work on this ambitious project, it will be interesting to see how the concept develops and how it contributes to the future of space exploration and the potential lunar economy.

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Northrop Grumman is a leading global aerospace and defense technology company. Our pioneering solutions equip our customers with the capabilities they need to connect and protect the world, and push the boundaries of human exploration across the universe. Driven by a shared purpose to solve our customers’ toughest problems, our employees define possible every day.

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Have you visited the Miller County Regional Stockyards

Have you visited the Miller County Regional Stockyards

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The Miller County Regional Stockyards, located in Eldon, Missouri, is a renowned and reputable livestock company. Established with a rich history, the stockyards have been a significant part of the local agricultural community, providing a platform for buying and selling livestock.

Wendy, the owner, is a licensed and bonded livestock order-buyer, leading the way in the cattle industry. Her success in operating the stockyards is a testament to the evolving landscape of the agricultural sector, which is increasingly welcoming women in roles traditionally dominated by men. Wendy’s approach incorporates modern technology to enhance the efficiency and reach of the stockyards’ operations.

4 Kent Road, Eldon MO 1-573-392-5572

The stockyards host weekly sales every Monday, accepting weaned and non-weaned calves, along with slaughter cows and bulls. This consistent schedule provides a reliable source of livestock for buyers and a steady market for sellers. The stockyards also feature a cafe, adding a touch of hospitality to the bustling business environment.

4 Kent Road, Eldon MO 1-573-392-5572

Miller County Regional Stockyards is not just a place of commerce; it’s a hub of community and tradition. The bull logo on its sign, charging forward with its horns pointing ahead and its nose snorting, symbolizes the spirit of the stockyards and the broader agricultural industry—one of resilience, determination, and progress.

4 Kent Road, Eldon MO 1-573-392-5572

In recent years, the stockyards have also been featured in local events and media, showcasing their integral role in the community. For example, the stockyards have been highlighted during the National Farm Animals Day, emphasizing the importance of livestock in the agricultural sector and the broader economy.

Miller County Regional Stockyards is more than a business; it’s a vital part of the local and regional agricultural ecosystem. It represents the hard work and dedication of those in the farming and ranching industries, and it continues to evolve and adapt to meet the changing needs of its community.

In the same parking lot as Miller County Regional Stockyards, you’ll find a beloved local spot called The Saloon. It’s a steakhouse that operates from Thursday to Saturday, offering a delicious menu of steaks, seafood, and burgers to satisfy a cowboy’s or cowgirl’s appetite. The Saloon is known for its warm and welcoming atmosphere, making it a favorite among locals and visitors alike. The establishment is a testament to the rich agricultural heritage of the region, providing a unique dining experience that celebrates the local farming and ranching community.

The unique atmosphere of the restaurant is enhanced by the old farm memorabilia hanging on the walls, which not only adds a sense of history and tradition but also creates a conversation starter for diners. The decor is reminiscent of a time when farming and ranching were the backbone of the region, and it pays homage to the agricultural heritage of Miller County.

The restaurant is also open for various events, including reunions and work parties. This welcoming and versatile space allows people to gather and celebrate special occasions while enjoying the delicious food and unique ambiance. The community-oriented approach of the restaurant makes it a popular choice for both locals and visitors looking for a place to enjoy good food and good company.

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4 Kent Road, Eldon MO 1-573-392-5572
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Controversy Surrounds Morgan County Judge’s Order to Euthanize Non-Violent Dog

Controversy Surrounds Morgan County Judge’s Order to Euthanize Non-Violent Dog

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In a decision that has sparked outrage and debate within the community, Morgan County Judge Stephen Grantham has ordered the euthanization of a non-violent dog, identified in case number 24MG-00024. This ruling has prompted a wave of criticism and concern from local residents and animal rights advocates.

The incident in question occurred when the dog, while sleeping on a couch, was approached by a child who laid on top of the animal. The dog, startled, rolled over and scratched the child with his back paw. Despite the fact that there was no evidence of a bite and witnesses testified that the dog was not aggressive, Judge Grantham decided to order the dog’s euthanization.

Residents of Morgan County have expressed their dismay and frustration over the judge’s decision, citing the lack of evidence of any malicious intent or aggression on the part of the dog. Many have taken to social media to voice their concerns, with some calling for a review of the case and others urging the community to rally in defense of the dog.

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Animal rights advocates argue that the judge’s decision is a harsh and unnecessary punishment for a non-violent incident, especially considering the circumstances of the case. They have pointed out that the dog’s reaction was a natural response to being startled and that there was no evidence of any previous aggressive behavior.

In response to the controversy, residents are encouraged to contact the Morgan County Courthouse to voice their concerns and support for the dog. The case has garnered widespread attention on social media, with many sharing the dog’s story and urging others to join the effort to save its life.

As the controversy continues to unfold, the fate of the dog remains uncertain. However, the outpouring of support from the community and the broader public highlights the strong feelings surrounding the case and the importance of animal welfare in society.

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Since the publication of this story, new information has surfaced on Casenet, revealing court documents that suggest the dog bite the suspect involved. However, this contradicts the evidence gathered during our interview.

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